Robert McKinley, Senior Analyst/Editor Robert McKinley, with 33 years experience covering payment cards and payment systems, is Senior Analyst/Editor for CardFlash and other payments-related publications. He is the retired founder and chief executive of RAM Research, CardWeb and CardTrak. McKinley served as an expert witness in 100+ litigations including two multi-$billion trials, testified before the U.S. Congress, chaired multiple payments conferences, hired as consultant by Fortune 100 companies and several overseas financial institutions. Full Bio:


Visa’s (VS) Central Europe – Middle East – Africa (CEMEA) region Gross Dollar Volume (GDV) FX-adjusted is expected to rebound in the third quarter with year-on-year (YOY) gain of 9.9%, according to RAM Research.
VS CEMEA GDV hit the brakes in the second quarter with a YOY gain of 7.1%, compared to 12.4% in the prior quarter and 12.8% in the year ago quarter, according to CardData.